What Is IRS Form 1099? | 1099-NEC and 1099-MISC Overview

What Is IRS Form 1099?

Did you pay any vendors this year? There are many types of payments, ranging from rents to prizes and awards. And if you did pay a vendor, you might be required to file Form 1099-MISC. So, what is IRS Form 1099?

What is IRS Form 1099?

IRS Form 1099 is a series of tax form businesses use to report certain types of payments that are not employee wages. There are a few types of 1099s, including the popular Form 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Information, and Form 1099-NEC, Nonemployee Compensation. 

What Is IRS Form 1099? Form 1099 is a series of tax forms businesses use to report certain types of payments. The two most common forms are Form 1099-MISC and Form 1099-NEC.

Who receives 1099?

You must file Form 1099-MISC for each person you have given the following types of payments to during the tax year:

  • At least $10 in royalties or broker payments in lieu of dividends or tax-exempt interest.
  • At least $600 in the following:
    • Rents
    • Prizes and awards
    • Other income payments
    • Cash from a notional principal contract to an individual, a partnership or an estate
    • Any fishing boat proceeds
    • Medical and health care payments
    • Crop insurance proceeds
    • Fish purchased for resale
    • Payments to an attorney for legal services
    • Section 409A deferrals
    • Nonqualified deferred compensation

As of 2020, do not use Form 1099-MISC to report nonemployee compensation. Use Form 1099-NEC to report independent contractor payments.

File Form 1099-NEC for each person you paid $600 or more in:

  • Services performed by someone who is not your employee
  • Cash payments for fish you purchase from anyone engaged in the trade or business of catching fish
  • Payments to an attorney that cover attorneys’ fees

The IRS Instructions for Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC provide more specific information on other exemptions and who should receive a 1099.

When are 1099 forms due?

You must file Form 1099 by the correct due date. But first, there are several copies included in each 1099, and each has different due dates:

Copy of Form 1099-MISCWhere to send
Copy AIRS (with Form 1096)
Copy 1State department, if applicable
Copy BRecipient (contractor or vendor)
Copy 2Recipient (contractor or vendor)
Copy CKeep in your records

Form 1099-MISC: Send a copy to the recipient by January 31. File paper forms with the IRS by February 28 or e-file forms by March 31. Sometimes, you need to submit Copy 1 to your state’s tax department. Filing regulations vary from state to state. Check with your state’s tax department to find out your specific requirements and deadlines, if applicable.

Form 1099-NEC: Send a copy to the recipient by January 31. File Form 1099-NEC with the IRS by January 31. Check with your state department for requirements and deadlines, if applicable.

What are the state filing requirements?

Download our FREE guide on your 1099-NEC and 1099-MISC state filing requirements, complete with deadlines and state government links!

What information do you need to file a 1099?

You need the following information to fill out Form 1099:

  • Your name, address, and phone number
  • Your TIN (Taxpayer Identification Number)
  • Recipient’s TIN
  • Recipient’s name and address
  • Your account number, if applicable
  • Amount you paid the recipient in the tax year

Where do you get the 1099?

You can view Forms 1099 on the IRS website. But, that form is for informational purposes only and cannot be used to file Form 1099. Do not print and send Form 1099 from the IRS website.

Order the official 1099 form on the IRS website or from a registered supplier (e.g., an office supply store).

How do you correct Form 1099?

If you discover an error on a 1099, you must prepare a corrected 1099-MISC or 1099-NEC. You also need a new 1096 for every 1099 correction you submit.

Other types of 1099 forms

There are many types of 1099 forms besides Form 1099-MISC. Here is a list of other common types of 1099 Forms:

1099-INT

Use this form to report interest paid during the tax year. The form breaks down the most common types of interest.

The person or entity that made the interest payment fills out 1099-INT. Usually, that is the bank. Banks fill out Form 1099-INT for investors who had interest payouts over $10.

1099-DIV

You would receive 1099-DIV if your investments paid dividends last year. Dividends include the profits that are regularly paid to shareholders. Form 1099-DIV is only for dividends.

1099-G

Usually, you use 1099-G to report unemployment income. This form includes income from state or federal governments. 1099-G can also include tax refunds received the previous year. You use this form to note payments such as agricultural subsidies and government grants.

1099-R

Use 1099-R to report the distribution of retirement income. Using this form does not automatically mean the distributed income will be taxed. The income is only reported. Your tax liability depends on how you deposited the money.

1099-C

Use this form for debt forgiveness or cancellation. A lender fills out this form if the debt being forgiven or canceled is more than $600.

Some common methods to forgive debt include a short sale or home foreclosure. The sale results in a difference between the home’s value and the amount already paid. Or, you could do a settlement with a creditor. With a settlement, you pay less than a full amount owed.

1099-S

Use 1099-S to report proceeds from the sale of real estate. For most people, Form 1099-S comes into play after the sale of a home.

The form also applies to nonhome real estate that is considered permanent. Permanent, nonhome real estate includes commercial buildings, under-developed land, airspace, and condominium units.

1099-K

This form is used to handle online payment processors. This form requires payment processors (e.g., PayPal) to report income paid to individuals over the year.

Do you need an easy way to pay vendors? Patriot’s accounting software lets you print unlimited 1099s and pay an unlimited number of vendors. Plus, you get free, USA-based support. Try it for free today!

This article has been updated from its original publication date of June 2, 2016.

Stay up to date on the latest accounting tips and training

Most popular blog categories