Choosing 1099 Box Types | 1099-NEC and 1099-MISC

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Which 1099 Type Do I Choose?

When paying your vendor bills or updating vendor payment history in Patriot Software, you need to choose a 1099 Type for each payment. There are a number of 1099 money types you can report payments as.

A 1099 Type determines which Form 1099 (Form 1099-MISC or Form 1099-NEC) money will be reported on.

Report nonemployee compensation on Form 1099-NEC. Nonemployee compensation is the most common 1099 type, as it is the amount you pay independent contractors. All other 1099 types are reported on Form 1099-MISC in the appropriate boxes.

Form 1099-MISC types:

  • Rents
    • Real estate rentals paid for office space
    • Machine rentals (e.g., renting a bulldozer to level
      your parking lot)
    • Pasture rentals (e.g., farmers paying for the use of
      grazing land)
    • Rental assistance payments made to owners of housing projects
    • Coin-operated amusements (e.g., video games, pinball machines, jukeboxes, pool tables, slot machines, etc.)
  • Royalties
    • Gross royalty payments (or similar amounts) of $10 or more
    • Royalties from oil, gas, or other mineral properties before reduction for severance and other taxes that may have been withheld and paid
    • Royalty payments from intangible property such as patents, copyrights, trade names, and trademarks
    • Gross royalties (before reduction for fees, commissions, or expenses) paid by a publisher directly to an author or literary agent, unless the agent is a corporation
  • Other income
    • Enter other income of $600 or more required to be reported
      on Form 1099-MISC that is not reportable in one of the other
      boxes on the form
    • Prizes and awards that are not for services performed (e.g., merchandise won on a game show)
  • Fishing boat proceeds
    • Individual’s share of all proceeds from the sale of a catch or the fair market value (FMV) of a distribution in kind to each crew member of fishing boats with normally fewer than 10 crew members
    • Report cash payments of up to $100 per trip that are contingent on a minimum catch and are paid solely for additional duties (such as mate, engineer, or cook) for which additional cash payments are traditional in the industry
  • Medical and health care payments
    • Payments of $600 or more made in the course of your trade or business to each physician or other supplier or provider of medical or health care services
    • Payments made by medical and health care insurers under health, accident, and sickness insurance programs
  • Substitute payments in lieu of dividends or interest
    • Aggregate payments of at least $10 of substitute payments received by a broker for a customer in lieu of dividends or tax-exempt interest as a result of a loan of a customer’s securities
  • Crop insurance proceeds
    • Proceeds of $600 or more paid to farmers by insurance companies, unless the farmer has informed the insurance company that expenses have been capitalized under section 278, 263A, or 447
  • Excess golden parachute payments
    • Amount over the base amount (the average annual compensation for services includible in the individual’s gross income over the most recent 5 tax years)
  • Gross proceeds paid to an attorney
    • Gross proceeds of $600 or more paid to an attorney in connection with legal services (regardless of whether the services are performed for the payer)
    • Are made to an attorney in the course of your trade or business in connection with legal services, but not for the attorney’s services, for example, as in a settlement agreement
    • Generally, you are not required to report the claimant’s attorney’s fees
  • Fish purchased for resale
    • If you are in the trade or business of purchasing fish for resale, you must report cash payments of $600 or more to any person engaged in the business of catching fish.
  • Non 1099 payment

Form 1099-NEC type:

  • Nonemployee compensation
    • Payments made to contractors, including fees, commissions, prizes, awards, and other forms of compensation for services performed for your trade or business by an individual who is not your employee
    • Services performed by someone who is not your employee
    • Cash payments for fish (or other aquatic life) you purchase from anyone engaged in the trade or business of catching fish
    • Payments to an attorney (Attorneys’ fees of
      $600 or more paid in the course of your trade or business)

For more information about 1099 types, check out the IRS’s Instructions for Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC.

The choices in the 1099 Type dropdown list on the “Enter & Pay Bills” page under “Payables” correspond with the boxes on Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC.

Here is a sample Form 1099-NEC showing how nonemployee compensation gets reported:

copy of IRS Form 1099-NEC Copy 1

Here is a sample Form 1099-MISC showing how all other 1099 types get reported:

IRS form 1099-misc copy 1

In some cases, you may need to report nonemployee compensation and other 1099 types. In those cases, you need to use both Form 1099-NEC and 1099-MISC.

For details on which form and box to select, see the IRS Instructions for Forms 1099-MISC and 1099-NEC.

For more information on the 1099-NEC, please see our blog article “Make Way for the Revived Form 1099-NEC in 2020.”

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